The kite originated in the Spring and Autumn Period of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty in China and has been invented for more than 2,000 years. It is the invention of the ancient Chinese people.
It is said that the ink bird made of wood and made into wood for three years is the earliest origin of kites. Later, Luban used bamboo to improve the kite material of the ink, and evolved into a multi-line kite today. It is said that “Mozi is a raft, three years old, and lost one day.”
When the Northern and Southern Dynasties, kites began to become a tool for transmitting information; since the Sui and Tang Dynasties, due to the development of the paper industry, folks began to use paper to paste kites; in the Song Dynasty, kite flying became a favorite outdoor activity. The Song people wrote in the “Wulin Old Things”: “In the Ching Ming period, people go to the suburbs to release the wind, and the Japanese are returning.” “鸢” refers to kites. In the Northern Song Dynasty, Zhang Zeduan’s “The River on the Qing Dynasty”, Song Su Hanchen’s “Hundreds of Pictures” has a vivid scene of flying kites.
In ancient times, kites were actually called paper baskets, or they were called 鹞. It was not until the late Tang and Five Dynasties that people began to call it a “kite.” At that time, people ingeniously added a whistle or a bamboo flute to the paper basket. When they were flying in the sky, they were blown by the wind, and they could make a sound like a zither, so they got the name “Kite.”
In ancient times, kites also played an important role in military warfare, such as information transmission, military reconnaissance, ranging, and manned.
In 190 BC, when Chu and Han fought, Han Xin attacked Weiyang Palace and used kites to measure the distance below the Weiyang Palace. In the battle of His Majesty, Xiang Yu’s army was besieged by Liu Bang’s army. Han Xin sent people to use cowhide as a kite, apply bamboo flute, and scream in the wind (one said that Zhang Liang used the kite to brag) the Han army cooperated with the flute and sang the song. The distraction of the Chu army morale, this is the story of the idiom “four sides of the song”.
In 1600 AD, the kites of the East passed to Europe.