It is estimated that 26 million people are threatened by lead pollution. Lead is a heavy metal that has been mined for use in a variety of household and industrial products. Although this metal has been used for centuries, the adverse effects of lead pollution have not been known until recent decades.
Most of the world’s lead pollution is caused by industrial wastewater, such as uranium battery recycling, mining, metal smelting, and the pigment industry. The world’s most toxic pollutant, 26 million people are threatened by lead pollution.
More than 800 locations around the world are considered serious sources of lead pollution, threatening the health of people in these areas. Toxic lead in humans can cause chronic and acute health conditions.
Lead exposure is associated with childhood developmental defects and birth defects, and other harmful health effects associated with exposure to toxic lead in children and adults include anemia, neurological damage, infertility, hypertension, and more. In 2007, 18 children died from lead poisoning in Dakar, Senegal.