The Netherlands is called NETHERLAND in English and HOLLAND in German. Both words mean low places. It can be seen that the terrain is low – indeed, the Netherlands on the North Sea is the lowest in the world, with about one-third of the country’s land below sea level.
In order to survive and develop, the Dutch strive to protect the original land and avoid the “disaster” in the high tide of the sea. They have been fighting the sea for a long time and building the fields around the sea. As early as the 13th century, the embankment was built to intercept the seawater, and then the water in the cofferdam was drained by the pneumatic waterwheel. Over the past few hundred years, the Dutch dam has been built for 1,800 kilometers, increasing the land area by more than 600,000 hectares.
Today, 20% of the Dutch territory is made by artificial reclamation. So the Dutch territory is not big, but it is always expanding. This is the only country in the world that can expand its territory without aggression and war.