From the early 1940s to 1953, Lauretta Bender, a world-renowned pediatric neuropsychiatrist, was very interested in studying children with schizophrenia. So she gave at least 100 children aged 3-12 years old at Bellevue Hospital in New York City. Experiment (There are also reports of more than 200 children).
At the time, they claimed that this kind of electric shock spasm therapy treated more than 500 children in this hospital from 1942 to 1956, including Bender’s subjects, but Bender’s personal memorandum recorded her frustrations. Bender sometimes Shocking children with schizophrenia (some less than 3 years old) twice a day, for 20 consecutive days, some children under experiment became violent and wanted to commit suicide.