The causes of the Arab Spring were many and long-gathering. For decades, Arab populations had faced repression of free speech, human rights abuses, economic mismanagement, corruption, and stifling of political dissent.
Justice and human dignity were not priorities in most states. However, what was supposed to be peaceful ended up becoming a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Islamic world in the early 2010s.
Almost a decade later, and there’s still conflict in many countries in the Middle East. Analysts have referred to the ongoing conflicts as the Arab Winter.