It’s not pretty for a girl to have bruises all the time. Can be strange, obviously did not knock, hit, but inexplicable on the leg there are a lot of bruises! And when these bruise discovers, just feel painful, did not discover not painful……
Where the hell did these bruises come from?
The birth of a bruise
Bruising can be caused simply by bleeding under the skin.
There are many capillaries hidden under the skin. They are thin and of the smallest diameter. Only one red blood cell can pass through them.
Although the capillaries are protected by the skin, they are still very fragile. Sometimes a slight bump will cause the capillaries to burst, but most of the time our body does not feel it.
When capillaries burst and bleed, platelets and clotting factors will participate in the repair work. But in general, platelets and coagulation factors can not complete the repair work in a short period of time, this time the blood will slowly infiltrate into the skin to form a bruise (from another dimension, bruise is in imperceptibly knock out, but we did not notice).
Many people will subconsciously think that a bruise is blue and purple, in fact, this is a big mistake, the color of a bruise has a dynamic change process, generally speaking, is like this:
Red → lilac → yellow
A broken capillary causes blood to seep under the skin, so the initial color of the bruise is closer to red. After that, white blood cells began to play a role, clean up the dead red blood cells, red blood cell heme oxidation decomposition, formed to biligreen, biligreen is green, so the bruise began to gradually show blue purple, which is the most common bruise color in our daily life.
Over time, the biligreen breaks down to form bilirubin, which is a light yellow and combines with iron to form a more pronounced yellow, and the bruising starts to turn yellow. After that, the bilirubin was absorbed and the bruise almost healed.
Why are girls more likely to bruise?
If you notice, women are more likely to bruise than men.
The study found that men’s skin is 15 to 25 percent thicker than women’s, so men’s skin is better at protecting the capillaries under the skin than women’s. Men may be fine from the same bump or bump, but women can get bruising.
On top of that, women’s skin is whiter than boys’, so bruising will be obvious. And women have estrogen, which prevents blood vessel walls from forming and repairing. Estrogen is not only a vasodilator, it also prevents blood vessel repair. When trauma occurs, women shed more blood before it clots. Once a woman has a bruise, it tends to be much worse than a man.
Regardless of gender, the average person gets a bruise for many reasons other than trauma, such as vitamin deficiencies. Once the lack of vitamins, the body is prone to bruising, such as sudden bruising in the absence of trauma, may be lack of vitamin C, vitamin C can make capillaries become more resilient, maintaining vitamin C intake can effectively reduce the probability of bruising. The best way to get vitamin C is to eat fresh fruits and vegetables every day.
Of course, the body inexplicable bruise is not necessarily vitamin C pot, may also be a problem with platelets. The amount of platelets in the body is reduced or the quality of platelets is poor, which can impair the body’s blood clotting function, which can also lead to bruising.
Normally, people don’t take it personally if they occasionally get a bruise. But if there is often a large area of bruising, it must be paid attention to, go to the hospital as early as possible, because chronic kidney failure and other diseases may also lead to body bruising.
How can you speed up the removal of bruises
If that is the bruise that is caused because of bump on the body, how should be eliminated (generally speaking bruise can be eliminated by himself within half a month, those who want to accelerate to eliminate can learn)?
When you first get a bruise, you can ice it. Wrap it in a towel and make an ice bag. Don’t let your skin directly touch the ice.
1-2 days later, it can be changed to hot compress, each time for about 20 minutes, pay attention to the temperature is not too high, to avoid burns.
In general, for the first 24 hours, cold compresses relieve pain. After 24 hours, heat is applied to promote recovery. Cold compress then hot compress, the bruise elimination faster, do not remember wrong oh!