Though every surgery carries risks of some kind, sex reassignment surgeries pose their own problems. The most commonly reported issues center around the bladder or urethra. Given the complexity of either operation, whether male-to-female or reversed, it shouldn’t be surprising that urinary complications are common. One study in 2017 came to the conclusion that just over 33% of transgender people complained of that specific medical problem alone.
Optimistically, some studies have shown that increased experience and specialization by doctors has led to a decrease in surgical complications. However, even that study showed as many as 11% of patients needed additional unplanned operations due to extensive bleeding in the surgical site, though it was only looking at male-to-female surgeries.