Virus trivia:What are the coronaviruses?

Under the electron microscope, coronaviruses on the outer membrane of coronaviruses are named. Coronavirus has threatened humans three…

Under the electron microscope, coronaviruses on the outer membrane of coronaviruses are named.


Coronavirus has threatened humans three times in this century, this is not what you think!

The virus is divided into DNA virus and RNA virus. Coronavirus is a single-stranded RNA virus, so it is contained in the ribovirus domain and belongs to the Coronaviridae family of Nidovirales.

There are two subfamilies under the Coronaviridae family: Orthokinoviridae and L-viridae (there is no corresponding Chinese translation for L-viridae).

Virus trivia:What are the coronaviruses?
Virus trivia:What are the coronaviruses?

The coronavirus subfamily is divided into four genera: alpha coronavirus, beta coronavirus, gamma coronavirus and delta coronavirus.

Coronaviruses that infect mammals (humans, pigs, cattle, cats, mice, bats, etc.) are mainly alpha and beta coronaviruses.

Coronaviruses that infect birds and birds are mainly derived from gamma and delta coronaviruses.

SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV and COVID-19 “three brothers” belong to the beta coronavirus genus.
Coronavirus has threatened humans three times in this century, this is not what you think!

Seven coronaviruses are currently known to infect humans. In addition to the “three brothers of coronavirus”, there are:

The community-acquired coronavirus discovered in 1960, which can cause human respiratory infections and common colds, is named “Human Coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E)” and “Human Coronavirus OC43 (HCoV-OC43)”

Human Coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63) discovered in 2004;

The human coronavirus HPU1 (HCoV-HKU1) was discovered in 2005.

Recommended

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *